The terrible water crisis estimates that more than 2 billion people worldwide live in countries with severe water shortages.
In response, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) also reported that “other estimates are more pessimistic. As many as 4 billion people-more than half of the earth’s population-have faced severe water stress for at least a month. In one year alone, 5 billion people suffered permanent water shortage pressure.”
Approximately 71% of irrigated areas and 47% of major cities in the world will experience at least periodic water shortages. If this issue continues, scarcity and related water quality issues will lead to competition and conflicts about water.
Climate change will increase the likelihood of aggravation of drought and water scarcity in many parts of the world. Drought is one of the most destructive of all natural disasters. Although drought affects every climate zone, drylands are particularly vulnerable to drought and its effects.
Currently, most countries, regions, and communities use passive and crisis-driven methods to manage drought risk.
To solve this problem, healthy land is a natural reservoir of fresh water. If downgraded, the function cannot be performed. Better land management and large-scale expansion of land restoration are critical to building drought resistance and water security.
“Land restoration is the cheapest and most effective solution to improve water storage, reduce the effects of drought, and solve the loss of biodiversity.” the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification explained. He also insisted that communities all over the world have suffered drought and floods this year. The cruelest impact of climate change.
With information from: https://allafrica.com/stories/202112240051.html